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narratology

point of view

Henry James (1843—1916) writer

 

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focalization


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The term used in modern narratology for ‘point of view’; that is, for the kind of perspective from which the events of a story are witnessed. Events observed by a traditional omniscient narrator are said to be non‐focalized, whereas events witnessed within the story's world from the constrained perspective of a single character are ‘internally focalized’. The nature of a given narrative's focalization is to be distinguished from its narrative ‘voice’, as seeing is from speaking.

Subjects: Literature


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