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Miguel Primo de Rivera (1870—1930) Spanish general and statesman

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Spanish Civil War

Catholic Church

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A Spanish political party, the Falange Española. Founded in 1933 by José António Primo de Rivera, the son of General Primo de Rivera, its members were equally opposed to the reactionary Right and the revolutionary Left. It proposed that Spain should become a syndicalist state on Italian fascist lines. During the Spanish Civil War Franco saw the potential value of the Falange and adopted the movement in April 1937. After World War II it ceased to be identified with fascism and its influence waned. It was formally abolished in 1977.

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