*Synchronous social interaction between individuals co-present in the same physical location, normally through speech and nonverbal communication. It is a particular concern in social psychology and sociolinguistics, and a primary focus for the sociologist Goffman (see also face-work; interchange). In sociological terms, such a concern reflects a microsocial level of analysis (see microsociology). Face-to-face speech communication is traditionally phenomenally privileged (as in Plato) as the most meaningful mode of human communication (see phonocentrism). In presence studies it typically represents the ‘gold standard’ to which other forms of mediated interaction aspire.
Subjects: Media studies