Book of Exodus
This OT Book records the events attending the ‘Exodus’ (i.e. the release of the Israelites under Moses from their Egyptian bondage) and the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Its authorship has traditionally been ascribed to Moses. Modern scholars assign the Book to a later time than that of Moses, some holding it to be a composite work, its strata probably having been written between the 9th and 5th cents. bc. The date of the Exodus is also debated, but most scholars favour the 13th cent. bc. The deliverance has throughout Jewish history been regarded as the outstanding instance of God's favour to His chosen people; Christian writers have used the imagery of the Passover with reference to the sacrifice of Christ on Calvary and of the Eucharist. In modern times the Exodus has become a symbol of liberation for many groups, from Black Christians in the USA to Liberation theologians in Latin America.