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Exclusion crisis

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A period of intense political strife during 1679–81 generated by the attempt to bar Charles II's catholic brother James, duke of York, from the succession. Widespread apprehension that James would inaugurate a catholic ‘absolutist’ monarchy was aroused in 1678 by Titus Oates's revelations of a Popish plot. In the three parliaments called between 1679 and 1681 discontented ‘Whig’ groups exploited their majority in the Commons, but were each time defeated when the king used his prerogative to close proceedings.

Subjects: Religion

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