Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Related Content

Related Overviews

Battle of Crécy

Edward III (1312—1377) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

Hundred Years War

Richard II (1367—1400) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • History
  • Regional and National History

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

Edward the Black Prince

(1330—1376) heir to the English throne and military commander


Quick Reference

(1330–76)

Prince of Wales (1343–76), the eldest son of Edward III. He was an outstanding example of the chivalric ideal, a military leader who helped restore national pride to the English by a series of victories in the Hundred Years War. He commanded part of his father's army at Crécy (1346), and in 1356 won the Battle of Poitiers, capturing John II. In 1367 he restored King Pedro to the throne of Castile, but the campaign in Spain ruined his health. By his love match to Joan, the ‘Fair Maid of Kent’, he left one son, the future Richard II.


Reference entries

View all reference entries »