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consociational Democracy

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Term developed by the Dutch political scientist Arend Lijphart to explain the mechanisms of political stability in societies with deep social cleavages. Through government by an elite cartel, a democracy with a fragmented political culture was stabilized, e.g. Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands. The settlement in Northern Ireland could be regarded as essentially consociational. See also pillarization.

Wyn Grant


Subjects: Social sciencesPolitics

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