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Max Weber (1864—1920) German economist and sociologist



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The process whereby concepts are developed as a means of developing knowledge in a field, or contributing to the fuller theoretical understanding of the field. For Max Weber, the science of sociology was what he called a series of successive ‘critiques of concept-construction’. For instance, he identified a particular set of characteristics of bureaucracy; further studies should identify whether those particular features accounted for organizations in some other or later context. An organization would not need to share all of the established analysis's features for it still to be an example of a bureaucracy. Similarly, the phenomenon ‘sport’ is not conducive to an all-or-nothing conceptual description. It changes from time to place, and place to time, place to place, and time to time, constructed by particular influences and contexts. Weber helps us see how a sophisticated analytical approach to sport should be a continuing critique of the construction of the concept of sport.

Subjects: Social sciencesSociology

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