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Nicolas Poussin (1594—1665) French painter

Jean Racine (1639—1699) French dramatist

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1. The classical aesthetic ideals of simplicity, form, order, harmony, balance, clarity, decorum, restraint, serenity, unity, and proportion—together with an emphasis on reason. The term is not limited in its application to art of the classical period. As an adherence to artistic rules, the antithesis of romanticism's emphasis on individual creative expression.

2. Art or literature echoing elements of the styles of ancient Greece or Rome.

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