Related Content

Related Overviews

neoclassical economics


Thomas Robert Malthus (1766—1834) political economist

Adam Smith (1723—1790) moral philosopher and political economist

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Social sciences


Show Summary Details


classical economics

Quick Reference

An economic theory based on the principles that both individuals and society prosper most with a minimum of political intervention, and that the allocation of a scarce resource is best decided through competition for supply and demand of goods and services in the marketplace. This is the foundation of modern, western economic theory and the basis for capitalism. Compare ecological economics, environmental economics. See also economics.

Subjects: Social sciences

Reference entries

View all reference entries »