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Domenico Cimarosa


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(b Aversa, Naples, 1749; d Venice, 1801).

It. composer. Studied in Naples, where he wrote Le stravaganze del conti, first of his 65 operas. Worked in Rome and Naples until 1787 when he went to St Petersburg as court composer to Catherine II where his operas were less successful than those of his deputy, Soler. In 1791 succeeded Salieri as court Kapellmeister to Leopold II in Vienna, writing Il matrimonio segreto there. Returned to Naples 1792 as choirmaster to the king. Sentenced to death 1799 for supporting French republican army but reprieved on condition he left Naples. Wrote orch. works incl sym., ob. conc., and Sinfonia Concertante for 2 fl., and over 30 kbd. sonatas. Among his huge output of operas are: Le stravagante del conte (1772); Il tre amanti (1777); Il matrimonio per raggio (c. 1778–9); L'italiana in Londre (1779); Il pittor parigino (1781, rev. as Il barone burlato, 1784, and as Le brame delusa, 1787); Chi dell'altrui si veste presto si spoglio (1783); I due baroni di Rossi Azzurra (1783); Artaserse (1784); I due supposti conti (1784); L'impresario in angustie (1786); Il fanatico burlato (1787); Il matrimonio segreto (1792); I traci amanti (1793); Le astuzie femminili (1794); Penelope (1795); Gli Orazi ed i Curiazi (1796); L'apprensivo raggirato (1798).

Subjects: Music

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