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The philosophical crux is whether choice is a process in which different desires, pressures, and attitudes fight it out and eventually result in one decision and action, or whether in addition there is a ‘self’ controlling the conflict, in the name of higher desires, reason, or morality. The attempt to add such an extra to the more passive picture (often attributed to Hume) is characteristic of Kantian ethics, and is a particular target not only of Humean, but also of much feminist and postmodernist writing. See also free will, Newcomb's paradox, volition, will.

Subjects: Philosophy

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