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chiaroscuro woodcut

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A type of woodcut in which tonal effects are created by printing successively on to the same sheet from different blocks of varying tone. Two or more tones of a single colour are used, or of two closely related colours, one of which is darker than the other. The technique was invented in about 1508, one of the first examples being Hans Burgkmair's The Emperor Maximilian on Horseback of that year; other notable German exponents were Cranach, Baldung, and Altdorfer. In Italy, where the medium was used more extensively, Ugo da Carpi made many prints after designs by Raphael and by Parmigianino, who was a prolific designer for the process.

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