Carrie Chapman Catt
(b. 9 Jan. 1859, d. 9 Mar. 1947).
US suffragist Born at Ripon, Wisconsin, she was present at the founding of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890. As its president (1900–4 and 1915–20), she saw the fulfilment of women's suffrage in the US with the passing of the Nineteenth Constitutional Amendment in 1920. In that year she co‐founded the League of Women Voters. An isolationist, Catt was also associated with the American pacifist movement. In 1915, she founded the Woman's Peace Party (together with Jane Addams). She chaired the Commission on the Cause and Cure of War between 1925 and 1932. In contrast to Addams, however, after the war she partly turned her attention away from the issue of international peace. She devoted her efforts to the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (later the International Alliance of Women), which she had co‐founded in 1904 and which she continued to lead with energy until 1925. Opposition to Fascism and the Nazis caused her to abandon her pacifism in the 1930s.