Battle of Caporetto
(24 October 1917)
A battle fought north of Trieste when Austro-Hungarian and German forces overwhelmed the Italian army. General Cadorna withdrew his demoralized troops north of Venice, where his new line held, eventually strengthened by British and French reinforcements. Some 300,000 Italian prisoners-of-war were taken, which removed Italy temporarily from the war; this enabled a German offensive for March 1918 on the Western Front to be planned.