(b. 1 Jan. 1887, d. 9 Jan. 1945).
German admiral and resistance leader Having joined the German navy in 1905, he rose to become admiral and chief of the military counter‐intelligence in 1935. Although he was right‐wing politically, he became an opponent of the Nazi regime and was involved in the organization of the resistance movement in 1938. He became reluctant, however, to contemplate an attack on Hitler, and thus lost touch with the inner circles of the resistance in 1941. Nevertheless, because of his association with them he was imprisoned in the wake of the July Plot and executed at the Flossenbürg concentration camp.