Battle of the Boyne
(1 July 1690)
A major defeat for the Stuart cause which confirmed William III's control over Ireland. It took place near Drogheda, where the recently deposed James II and his Irish and French forces were greatly outnumbered by the Protestant army led by William III. When William attacked across the River Boyne James's troops broke and fled. He returned to exile in France, and William's position as King of England, Scotland, and Ireland was immeasurably strengthened. The victory is still commemorated annually by the Orange Order, a political society founded in 1795 to support Protestantism in Ireland.