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A region forming the western part of the Czech Republic, originally a Slavic kingdom, later subject to Austrian rule.

In Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale (1610–11), Perdita is abandoned as an infant on the coast of Bohemia, and later marries the king's son.

From the mid 19th century, Bohemia was also used to designate the community or milieu of social Bohemians, persons with informal and unconventional social habits, especially artists or writers. The usage comes (in the mid 19th century) from French bohémien ‘gypsy’, because gypsies were thought to come from Bohemia, or because they perhaps entered the West through Bohemia.

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