An art exhibition held every two years, particularly a large and prestigious exhibition of international scope. The first to be founded and still the most famous is the Venice Biennale, instituted in 1895 as the ‘International Exhibition of Art of the City of Venice’, and claiming to represent ‘the most noble activities of the modern spirit without distinction of country’. At this first Biennale, artists from sixteen different countries were represented, and the committee included such famous personalities as Burne-Jones, Israëls, Liebermann, Moreau, and Puvis de Chavannes. The exhibition soon acquired worldwide prestige, and after it resumed in 1948 following the Second World War it became the leading showplace for the established international avant-garde. Other exhibitions founded on the Venice model include the São Paulo Bienal, first held in 1951, and the Paris Biennale, first held in 1959.
Subjects: Art & Architecture