(b. 6 Dec. 1884, d. Apr. 1963).
Hebrew scholar, President of Israel 1952–63 Born in Poltava (Ukraine), he became an active Zionist. He narrowly escaped the 1906 pogroms there and left for Palestine. Exiled by the Turks in 1915, he joined Ben‐Gurion in the USA and returned to Palestine in 1918 to become a member of the Jewish Legion, fighting alongside the British. A co‐founder of the Histadrut (General Federation of Jewish Labour) he was also a member of the self‐governing National Council for Palestine Jews (Vaad Leumi), rising to become its chairman from 1931, president from 1944. He was one of the signatories of Israel's Declaration of Independence on 14 May 1948, and entered the first parliament (Knesset) in the same year. He was President of Israel from the death of Weizmann until his own death.