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Walter Gropius (1883—1969) German-born American architect

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Wassily Kandinsky (1866—1944) Russian painter and theorist


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A school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. The socialist principles on which Bauhaus ideas rested incurred the hostility of the Nazis and, after moving to Berlin in 1932, the school was closed in 1933.

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