J. S. Buckingham's literary review. The founder wished the journal to become the resort of thinkers, poets, orators, and other writers. Dilke was editor 1830–46, and the list of contributors in the 19th cent. included Lamb, Darley, Hogg, Hood, Landor, Carlyle, R. Browning, Lang, and Pater. In the 20th cent. its contributors included Hardy, K. Mansfield, T. S. Eliot, R. Graves, Blunden, V. Woolf, and J. M. Murry, who became editor in 1919. In 1921 it merged with the Nation, ran for 10 years as Nation and Athenaeum and in 1931 was purchased by the New Statesman.