(1741—1801) army officer
American soldier and traitor. He was a hero of the early stages of the War of Independence, serving with conspicuous valour at Ticonderoga, the invasion of Canada, and Saratoga Springs. After 1778, possibly persuaded by his loyalist wife, he began plotting with Clinton to deliver West Point to the British. When his courier, Major André, was captured, he fled to the British, for whom he fought thereafter. He died, neglected, in England.