(1856—1924) theatre critic and journalist
became a drama critic in London in 1879 (see theatre criticism). The establishment of Ibsen and of G. B. Shaw owed much to his encouragement. His five‐volume edition of Ibsen's prose dramas in translation (some with collaboration) appeared in 1891, the collected works of Ibsen in 1906–7, and in 1907 Archer's proposals, with Granville‐Barker, for a National Theatre. In 1919 he assisted with the establishment of the New Shakespeare Company at Stratford‐upon‐Avon. In The Old Drama and the New (1923) he pressed the merits of Ibsen, Shaw, and Galsworthy, among others. His own play, The Green Goddess, was produced with great success in 1923.