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Aral Sea

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A very large freshwaterlake (formerly the world's fourth largest lake) on the border between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. Since the 1960s the lake has been drying up and shrinking as a result of a loss of water due to the diversion of river flow to a major irrigation project designed to make the area self‐sufficient in cotton, and to increase rice production. The surface area of the Aral Sea has shrunk by nearly half since 1960, and its volume has decreased by two‐thirds.

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