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Afro-alpine vegetation


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On the highest mountains of Africa, above the dwarf or elfin woodlands, are found shrublands and grasslands. These are alpine (alpine zone) in character (hence the term ‘Afro–alpine’) and, besides containing plants found at lower altitudes in middle and high latitudes, they also include endemics (see endemism), e.g. the giant lobelias and groundsels on Ruwenzori and Kilimanjaro.


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