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Frederick I (c. 1122—1190) king of Germany and Holy Roman emperor 1152–90

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abbot

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Adrian IV

(c. 1100—1159) pope


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(born Nicholas Breakspear) (c. 1100–59) Pope (1154–59). The only Englishman to have held this office, he opposed Frederick I's (Barbarossa's) claims to power.

Subjects: Religion


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