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An association of abstract painters and sculptors formed in Paris in February 1931, a successor to the short-lived Cercle et Carré. It was open to artists of all nationalities and its organization was loose, so that at one time its numbers rose to as many as 400 (among the members were Arp, Kandinsky, and Mondrian, as well as several artists who were never permanently resident in Paris, notably Barbara Hepworth and Ben Nicholson). The association was extremely catholic in its outlook and embraced many kinds of non-figurative art, although the emphasis was increasingly on geometrical abstraction. It operated by arranging group exhibitions and by publishing an illustrated annual called Abstraction-Création: Art non-figuratif, which appeared from 1932 to 1936; after this its activities declined.

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