Related Content

Related Overviews

St Bernard (1090—1153) French monk

logic

Héloise (1101—1164) French abbess

John of Salisbury (c. 1115—1180) scholar, ecclesiastical diplomat, and bishop of Chartres

See all related overviews in Oxford Reference »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Archaeology
  • Art & Architecture
  • Classical studies
  • History
  • Linguistics
  • Literature
  • Media studies
  • Music
  • Performing arts
  • Philosophy
  • Religion
  • Society and culture

GO

Show Summary Details

Overview

Peter Abelard

(1079—1142) French scholar, theologian, and philosopher


Quick Reference

(1079–1142)

French scholar, theologian, and philosopher. His independence of mind brought him into frequent conflict with the authorities and led to his being twice condemned for heresy. He lectured in Paris until 1118. While in Paris he began a tragic love affair with one of his pupils, Héloïse, who was a niece of Fulbert, a canon of Notre‐Dame. At Fulbert's instigation Abelard was subsequently castrated. Abelard then entered a monastery and made Héloïse become a nun. Abelard continued his controversial teaching, applying reason to questions of faith, notably to the doctrine of the Trinity. In the early 1130s he and Héloïse put together a collection of their love letters and other correspondence, which was published in 1616. Abelard and Héloïse are buried together in Paris.


Reference entries

View all reference entries »