Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 March 2021

Congenital A 

Source:
A Dictionary of Epidemiology
Author(s):

Miquel Porta

condition or Trait present or recognized at (or before) birth and developed during intrauterine life. It may arise as a result of infections (e.g., the rubella virus), genetic factors, environmental conditions (e.g., in utero exposure to a pollutant), or a combination of them. Congenital malformations include all disorders present at birth, whether they are inherited or caused by an environmental factor.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.