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date: 05 March 2021

Congenital A 

A Dictionary of Epidemiology

Miquel Porta

condition or Trait present or recognized at (or before) birth and developed during intrauterine life. It may arise as a result of infections (e.g., the rubella virus), genetic factors, environmental conditions (e.g., in utero exposure to a pollutant), or a combination of them. Congenital malformations include all disorders present at birth, whether they are inherited or caused by an environmental factor.... ...

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