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Théâtre National Populaire

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Adriana Hunter

Théâtre National Populaire 

A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in 1951 Jean Vilar revived it and set up a permanent theatre company. Again it was intended for workers, and presented a repertoire of French and other classics with a few contemporary plays. The TNP became known for the quality of its acting, its experimental staging and its simple, intimate performances. With the decentralization of theatre in France, which it helped pioneer, the TNP lost popularity. In 1972 the title and accompanying subsidies were transferred to Planchon's influential theatre.

Adriana Hunter

See also centres dramatiques.


G. Leclerc, Le TNP de Jean Vilar (1971)Find this resource:

    M-T. Serrière, Le TNP et Nous (1959)Find this resource: