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date: 11 December 2019

crucifix, crucifixion 

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
Tom Devonshire JonesTom Devonshire Jones, Linda MurrayLinda Murray, Peter MurrayPeter Murray

Together with the Madonna and Child, representations of the Crucifixion are by far the commonest subjects of Christian art. The actual crucifixion is described by all four Evangelists (Matt. 27; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 19), but it was never represented in Christian art until some 400 years after the event. There is, however, the so-called ‘blasphemous graffito’, probably of the 3rd century, from the Palace of the Caesars in Rome, which represents a man with arms outstretched in the attitude of crucifixion, but with the head of an ass. Another man stands near by, apparently praying, and a Greek inscription reads ‘Alexamenos worships his god’.... ...

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