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date: 17 October 2019

Mandylion (Mandeylion, Sudarion) 

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
Author(s):
Tom Devonshire JonesTom Devonshire Jones, Linda MurrayLinda Murray, Peter MurrayPeter Murray

A cloth said to have been imprinted with the features of Christ, and sent to King *Abgar the Black of Edessa (now Urfa, N. Syria). According to an Armenian tradition, it was miraculously imprinted with the image; according to a Syrian tradition, it was a painting made by Abgar's emissary, Hannan. The image was said to have been accompanied by a letter from Christ, the text of which became a charm throughout Christendom during the Middle Ages. No credence is now attached to any of these stories, but there certainly was a picture, or icon, in Edessa in 544, and its removal to Constantinople in 944 was commemorated by a special feast-day. It was placed in a special chapel in the palace, and copies of it were legion, since one was thought essential in every church. In Byzantium, the name Mandylion was preferred to the earlier Sudarion. The image shows Christ full face, with long hair and beard, and heavy eyebrows, not at all like a Roman god, but very close to what later becomes the ... ...

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