The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 June 2022

Szondi test

A Dictionary of Psychology

Andrew M. Colman

Szondi test n. 

A projective test consisting of 48 photographs of mental patients arranged in six groups, each group containing photographs of eight people representing eight basic psychological needs: a homosexual, a sadist, an epileptic, a hysteric, a catatonic schizophrenic, a paranoid schizophrenic, a depressive, and a manic patient. The respondent is asked to select the two most attractive and the two most repellent photographs from each group. The assumption underlying the test, based on the doctrine of genotropism, is that the respondent will tend to be attracted to photographs of people with similar genetic predispositions and repelled by those with incompatible genes. The test provides measures (following the order of the photographs listed above) of need for tender, feminine love; need for aggression and masculinity; mode of dealing with aggression; need to exhibit emotions; narcissistic ego-needs; expansive tendencies of the ego; need to acquire and master objects; and need to cling to objects for enjoyment. [Named after the Hungarian geneticist and psychoanalyst Lipot (Leopold) Szondi (1893–1986), who expounded the ideas behind his test in 1944 in a book entitled Schicksalsanalyse (Analysis of Destiny) and published the test itself shortly thereafter]