Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 01 October 2022

reductionism n. 

Source:
A Dictionary of Psychology
Author(s):

Andrew M. Colman

An attempt to provide a complete explanation of a phenomenon in terms of events or processes occurring at a lower or more basic level. Thus a psychological phenomenon may be reduced to neurophysiological processes, which in turn are correlated in detail with biochemical processes, and these may be similarly reduced to chemical processes, and the chemical processes to physical processes. Reductionism usually entails a belief that the lower or more basic processes in some sense explain the higher; but critics argue that such correlations cannot amount to a complete explanation any more than a specification of the electronic or electrical processes taking place in a computer could explain the computations that it performs. ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.