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date: 26 May 2022

national cinema 

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Annette Kuhn,

Guy Westwell

An influential organizing principle in film studies, locating films and cinemas within their national contexts and/or treating a country's cinematic output as a distinct object of study. There are two underlying assumptions: firstly, that films produced within a particular national context will display some distillation of the historical, social, and political culture of that country; and secondly, that cinema (as one aspect of popular culture) plays a role in the construction of national identity. Until the 1980s, studies of national cinemas for the most part tended either to record histories of filmmaking in different countries; to document—and often to celebrate—the work of key auteur-directors whose films could be grounded within a particular national milieu; and/or to focus on a ... ...

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