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date: 04 July 2022


A Dictionary of Film Studies

Annette Kuhn,

Guy Westwell

A type of oppositional cinema that contests mainstream cinema at the level of film form and language, in a ‘textual politics’ that challenges dominant codes and conventions in film, as well as in subject matter and content; and which is made, distributed, and exhibited outside commercial systems. The term was coined in the 1970s by critic and filmmaker Peter Wollen, who drew a distinction between two types of avant-garde cinema: aesthetically-motivated experimental cinema on the one hand and politically-driven countercinema on the other. He cited ... ...

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