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date: 20 October 2019

serenade (Fr.: sérénade; Ger.: Serenade, Ständchen; It.: serenata). 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to Music
Author(s):
Peter LynanPeter Lynan

A musical genre, the name of which derives from the word sereno (It., ‘calm’). Serenades were originally played or sung in the evening by a lover at his lady's window, or as a greeting to an important personage, and were frequently accompanied by a guitar or other plucked instrument. In the 18th century a serenade was a piece of instrumental music of up to ten movements, scored for a small ensemble, usually with a predominance of wind instruments. There are reminiscences of the original connotations of serenade and a plucked instrument in the serenade arias of some operas, e.g. ‘Deh, vieni alla finestra’ (... ...

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