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date: 24 August 2019

liberal arts 

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms

Michael Clarke

According to the canon of *classical antiquity, the seven ‘liberal’ arts comprised arithmetic, astronomy, geometry and music (the theory as opposed to the practice), grammar, rhetoric, and logic. All seven were subordinate to philosophy, the supreme art. The liberal arts were deemed to be exercises of the intellect and therefore placed on a far superior level to such ‘vulgar’ achievements as practical skill and craftsmanship. The visual arts were only raised to the status of a liberal art in the ... ...

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