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date: 22 September 2020

heraldry 

Source:
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms
Author(s):

Michael Clarke

The systematic hereditary use of the arrangement of *charges or devices on a shield denoting families and institutions. Heraldry emerged around the middle of the 12th century over a wide area of Europe. It seems most likely that the use of heraldic devices began with the lance flags of knights before being transferred to shields. Heraldry has special rules and methods, provides a display of pageantry, and is an invaluable aid to understanding history and genealogy.... ...

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