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date: 03 August 2020

Thebes (1) (Θῆβαι) 

Source:
The Oxford Classical Dictionary
Author(s):
Oliver T. P. K. DickinsonOliver T. P. K. Dickinson, John BoardmanJohn Boardman

Thebes, on the south edge of the eastern plain of *Boeotia, has been one of the major settlements of Greece since the early bronze age, but its prehistoric phases remain relatively poorly known. The oval plateau of the Cadmea (the acropolis or citadel of Thebes) was already extensively occupied in early Helladic II, to which period belong the remains of a ‘corridor house’, an associated fortification wall, and other substantial structures in the centre. An elaborate, originally rich mud-brick and stone tomb on the Ampheion hill to the north may belong to this time, but its date is disputed. Thebes Middle Helladic and early Mycenaean history (...Thebes was the birthplace of *Heracles, who, as its champion, threw off the tribute imposed upon it by the king of ... ...

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