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date: 06 July 2020

Paean (Παιάν) 

The Oxford Classical Dictionary
Cecil Maurice BowraCecil Maurice Bowra, Eveline KrummenEveline Krummen

Originally a healing god later equated with *Apollo and *Asclepius, also a ritual exclamation (ἰὲ Παιάν) and, particularly, a name for the choral song addressed to these gods; the dividing line between ‘paeans’ and other cultic songs is often hard to draw. In Archaic and Classical times ‘paeans’ are used in various situations, the common function being to create a dialogue between the mortal community and a god, the latter being petitioned or thanked for well-being and salvation. Typical situations for paean-singing were: (1) a religious festival (esp. for Apollo), (2) illness or ... ...

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