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date: 28 November 2022


The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

Timothy Darvill

[Di]Greek goddess, daughter of Zeus and Metis and virgin mother of Erichthnonius, whose cult seems to have been very ancient and who became the patron of Athens. She was the goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, weaving, justice, and skill, and is usually portrayed helmeted with a shield bearing the head of the Gorgon Medusa and wearing a goatskin breastplate. An owl often attends her, and a serpent is frequently depicted at the base of her staff or lance. She is identified with the Libyan Neith and the Roman Minerva.... ...

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