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date: 23 February 2020

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 

Source:
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology
Author(s):

Timothy Darvill

[Me]A process that since the mid 1970s has been developed and increasingly applied to large and medium‐sized development proposals whereby technical studies are undertaken in order to predict the likely impact that the scheme will have on the local, regional, and global environment. The aim is to better inform the decision‐making process, allow alternative proposals to be compared, and, where appropriate, promote the development of acceptable mitigation measures. EIA was first applied widely in the USA; it was made a legal requirement for certain types of scheme in Europe following a European Community Directive issued in ... ...

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