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date: 27 May 2020

Arts and Crafts movement 

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists
Author(s):

Ian Chilvers

A social and aesthetic movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that championed good design and craftsmanship at a time of increasing mechanization and mass production. The movement, which was concerned mainly with architecture and the decorative arts, originated in Britain and chiefly flourished there, but it also had a significant impact in several Continental countries and in the USA. It was a very broad, loosely structured movement, embracing numerous strands of thought and practice: for the most serious-minded adherents, it involved fundamental issues about human society, but for others it was little more than a decorative fad. There was no particular style associated with the movement (influences came from many different sources), but there was an emphasis on ‘honesty’—on creating products that showed clearly what they were made of and how they worked. This advocacy of simplicity and integrity often involved emphasizing plain materials and surfaces—an approach that has had a lasting influence on modern design.... ...

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