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A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art


Even short entries in this book can derive from a number of sources. In addition to the specific citations given in the body of the entries or as ‘Further Reading’, the following works have been drawn on throughout the text.

Online sources

http://www.aaa.si.edu/ The Archives of American Art.

http://www.artcyclopedia.com/ Artcyclopaedia. Provides links to the most significant museum sites.

http://www.frieze.com/ Frieze. An online journal of contemporary art.

http://www.manager-magazin.de/magazin/artikel/0,2828,590528,00.html Kunstkompass. A methodologically sophisticated ranking system for contemporary artists, noted but not followed slavishly by the present book.

http://www.moma.org/ Museum of Modern Art, New York.

http://www.oxfordartonline.com/public/ Oxford Art Online

http://www.photo.rmn.fr/cf/htm/Search_New.aspx Réunion des Musées Nationaux. A valuable source for visual references.

http://www.tate.org.uk/ Tate.

http://www.ubu.com/concept/index.html Ubu web. A useful source for Conceptual and Performance art.

Printed sources

Ades, D., Dada and Surrealism Reviewed (Arts Council of Great Britain, 1978)Find this resource:

Ades, D., The Art of Latin America (South Bank Centre, 1989)Find this resource:

Ades, D. et al., Art and Power: Europe under the Dictators 1930–45 (South Bank Centre, 1995)Find this resource:

Ades, D. and Baker, S., Undercover Surrealism (South Bank Centre, 2006)Find this resource:

Affron, M. and Antliff, M., Fascist Visions: Art and Ideology in France and Italy (Princeton University Press, 1997)Find this resource:

Alsop, J., The Rare Art Traditions: The History of Art Collecting and its Linked Phenomena (Harper & Row, 1982)Find this resource:

Anfam, D., Abstract Expressionism (Thames & Hudson, 1990)Find this resource:

Antliff, M. and Leighten, P., Cubism and Culture (Thames & Hudson, 2001)Find this resource:

Arnason, H. H., History of Modern Art (Abrams, 5th ed., 2003)Find this resource:

Baigell, M., Dictionary of American Art (John Murray, 1980)Find this resource:

Baker, K., Minimalism (Abbeville, 1988)Find this resource:

Bann, S. (ed.), The Tradition of Constructivism (Thames & Hudson, 1974)Find this resource:

Baron, S., German Expressionist Sculpture (University of Chicago, 1984)Find this resource:

Battcock, G. (ed.), The New Art (Dutton, 1966)Find this resource:

Battcock, G. (ed.), Minimal Art (University of California, 1995)Find this resource:

Battcock, G. and Nickas, R. (eds.), The Art of Performance (Dutton, 1984)Find this resource:

Beattie, S., The New Sculpture (Yale, 1983)Find this resource:

Bird, A., A History of Russian Painting (Phaidon, 1987)Find this resource:

Bown, M. C., Art under Stalin (Phaidon, 1991)Find this resource:

Bowness, A., Modern Sculpture (Studio Vista, 1965)Find this resource:

Bowness, A., Modern European Art (Thames & Hudson, 1972)Find this resource:

Bowness, A. et al., Post-Impressionism (Royal Academy of Arts, 1979)Find this resource:

Braun, E. (ed.), Italian Art in the 20th Century (Royal Academy of Arts, 1989)Find this resource:

Bright, S. and Williams, V., How We Are: Photographing Britain (Tate Publishing, 2007)Find this resource:

Brighton, A. and Morris, L., Towards Another Picture: An Anthology of Writings by Artists Working in Britain 1945–1977 (Midland Group, Nottingham, 1977)Find this resource:

British Council, English Art Today (Electa, 1976)Find this resource:

Brown, M. S., The Modern Spirit: American Painting 1908–35 (Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977)Find this resource:

Buccloch, B., Guilbaut, S., and Solkin, D., Modernism and Modernity (Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, 1983)Find this resource:

Butler, R. (ed.), Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution (MIT, 2007)Find this resource:

Castleman, R., Prints of the 20th Century (Thames & Hudson, 1988)Find this resource:

Causey, A., Sculpture Since 1945 (Oxford, 1998)Find this resource:

Centre Georges Pompidou, Hors Limites: L'art et la vie 1952–1994 (1995)Find this resource:

Centre Georges Pompidou, Face à l'histoire 1933–1996: L'artiste moderne devant l'événement historique (1996)Find this resource:

Centre Georges Pompidou, Cher Peintre: Peintures figuratives depuis l'ultime Picabia (2002)Find this resource:

Chadwick, W., Women Artists and the Surrealist Movement (Thames & Hudson, 1985)Find this resource:

Chipp, H. B., Theories of Modern Art (University of California, 1970)Find this resource:

Clark, T., Art and Propaganda (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1997)Find this resource:

Collins, J., Sculpture Today (Phaidon, 2007)Find this resource:

Compton, S. (ed.), British Art in the 20th Century (Royal Academy of Arts, 1987)Find this resource:

Cone, M., Artists under Vichy (Princeton, 1992)Find this resource:

Cooper, D. and Tinterow, G., The Essential Cubism 1907–1920 (Tate Gallery, 1983)Find this resource:

Cowling, J. and Mundy, J., On Classic Ground: Picasso, Léger and the New Classicism 1910–1930 (Tate Gallery, 1990)Find this resource:

Crow, T., The Rise of the Sixties (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1996)Find this resource:

Crow, T., Modern Art in the Common Culture (Yale, 1998)Find this resource:

Curtis, P., Modern Sculpture 1900–45 (Oxford, 1999)Find this resource:

De Oliveira, N. et al., Installation Art in the New Millennium (Thames & Hudson, 2003)Find this resource:

Dorival, B., The School of Paris (Thames & Hudson, 1962)Find this resource:

Dunlop, I., The Shock of the New (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1972)Find this resource:

Durozoi, G., History of the Surrealist Movement (University of Chicago, 2005)Find this resource:

Egbert, D. D., Social Radicalism and the Arts: Western Europe (Duckworth, 1970)Find this resource:

Elderfield, J., The Wild Beasts: Fauvism and its Affinities (MoMA, New York, 1976)Find this resource:

Elsen, A. E., Modern European Sculpture 1918–1945: Unknown Beings and Other Realities (George Brazilier, 1979)Find this resource:

Elsen, A. E., Origins of Modern Sculpture: Pioneers and Premises (Phaidon, 1974)Find this resource:

Farr, D., English Art 1870–1940 (Oxford, 1978)Find this resource:

Flood R. and Morris, F., Zero to Infinity: Arte Povera 1962–1972 (Tate Gallery, 2002)Find this resource:

Foster, D. (ed.), The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture (Bay Press, 1983)Find this resource:

Frascina, F. and Harris, J., Art in Modern Culture (Phaidon, 1992)Find this resource:

Fried, M., Art and Objecthood (University of Chicago, 1998)Find this resource:

Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Reckoning with the Past: Contemporary Chinese Painting (1996)Find this resource:

Fry, E., Cubism (Thames & Hudson, 1978)Find this resource:

Geldzahler, H., New York Painting and Sculpture 1940–1970 (Pall Mall, 1969)Find this resource:

Gibson, A. E., Abstract Expressionism: Other Politics (Yale, 1997)Find this resource:

Gillen, E., German Art from Beckmann to Richter: Images of a Divided Country (Yale, 1997)Find this resource:

Golan, R., Modernity and Nostalgia: Art and Politics in France Between the Wars (Yale, 1995)Find this resource:

Goldberg, R., Performance: Live Art 1909 to the Present (Thames & Hudson, 1979)Find this resource:

Goldberg, R., Performance: Live Art Since the 60s (Thames & Hudson, 2004)Find this resource:

Golding, J., Cubism: A History and an Analysis 1907–1914 (Faber, 3rd ed., 1988)Find this resource:

Golding, J., Visions of the Modern (Thames & Hudson, 1994)Find this resource:

Goldwater, R., Primitivism in Modern Art (Belknap Press, 1986)Find this resource:

Golomstok, I., Totalitarian Art (Collins Harvill, 1990)Find this resource:

Gray, C., The Russian Experiment in Art (Thames & Hudson, 1986)Find this resource:

Green, C., Cubism and its Enemies (Yale, 1987)Find this resource:

Green, C., Art in France 1900–1940 (Yale, 2000)Find this resource:

Grenier, C. et al., Britannica: 30 ans de sculpture (La Différence, 1988)Find this resource:

Groom, S., The Real Thing: Contemporary Art from China (Tate Liverpool, 1997)Find this resource:

Haftmann, W., Painting in the 20th Century (Lund Humphries, 2nd ed., 1965)Find this resource:

Hamilton, G. H., Painting and Sculpture in Europe 1880–1940 (Penguin, 1967)Find this resource:

Harrison, C., English Art and Modernism (Allen Lane, 1981)Find this resource:

Harrison, C. and Wood, J., Art in Theory 1900–2000 (Blackwell, 2002)Find this resource:

Heartney, E., Art & Today (Phaidon, 2008)Find this resource:

Hopkins, D., After Modern Art 1945–2000 (Oxford, 2000)Find this resource:

Hughes, R., The Art of Australia (Penguin, 1970)Find this resource:

Hughes, R., Nothing if Not Critical (Harvill, 1990)Find this resource:

Hughes, R. The Shock of the New (Thames & Hudson, 1991)Find this resource:

Institut Néerlandais, Magie et réalisme: Tendances réalistes dans la peinture Néerlandaise de 1925 à 1945 (2000)Find this resource:

Jeffrey, I., Photography: A Concise History (Thames & Hudson, 1996)Find this resource:

Joachimides, C. et al. (eds.), German Art in the 20th Century (Royal Academy of Arts, 1985)Find this resource:

Joachimides, C. and Rosenthal, N. (eds.), American Art in the 20th Century (Royal Academy of Arts, 1993)Find this resource:

Johnson, E. (ed.), American Artists on Art 1940 to 1980 (Harper & Row, 1982)Find this resource:

Joselit, D., American Art Since 1945 (Thames & Hudson, 2003)Find this resource:

Kent, S., Shark Infested Waters: The Saatchi Collection of British Art in the 90s (Philip Wilson, 1994)Find this resource:

Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, 1965 to 1972—when attitudes became form (1983)Find this resource:

Krauss, R., Passages in Modern Sculpture (MIT, 1977)Find this resource:

Krauss, R. and Livingstone, M., L'Amour Fou: Photography and Surrealism (Arts Council, 1986)Find this resource:

Krens, T. et al., Refigured Painting: The German Image 1960–88 (Prestel, 1989)Find this resource:

Lane, J. and Larsen, S., Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America 1927–1944 (Abrams, 1983)Find this resource:

Langui, E., Expressionism in Belgium (Laconti, 1971)Find this resource:

Licht, F., Sculpture: 19th and 20th Centuries (Michael Joseph, 1967)Find this resource:

Lindey, C., Art in the Cold War (Herbert Press, 1991)Find this resource:

Lippard, L., Six Years: The Dematerialization of the Art Object (Studio Vista, 1973)Find this resource:

Lippard, L., From the Center: Feminist Essays on Women's Art (Dutton, 1976)Find this resource:

Lippard, L., Overlay: Contemporary Art and the Art of Prehistory (Pantheon, 1982)Find this resource:

Livingstone, M., Pop Art: A Continuing History (Thames & Hudson, 1990)Find this resource:

Lodder, C., Russian Constructivism (Yale, 1985)Find this resource:

Lucie-Smith, E., Cultural Calendar of the 20th Century (Phaidon, 1979)Find this resource:

Lucie-Smith, E., Latin American Art of the 20th Century (Thames & Hudson, 1993)Find this resource:

Lucie-Smith, E., Art Today (Phaidon, 1995)Find this resource:

Lynton, N. et al., Towards a New Art: Essays on the Background to Abstract Art (Tate Gallery, 1980)Find this resource:

Macmillan, D., Scottish Art in the 20th Century (Mainstream, 1994)Find this resource:

Mellor, D., A Paradise Lost: The Neo-Romantic Imagination in Britain 1937–1955 (Lund Humphries, 1987)Find this resource:

Mellor, D., The 60s Art Scene in London (Phaidon, 1993)Find this resource:

Meyer, U. (ed.), Conceptual Art (Dutton, 1972)Find this resource:

Michalski, S., Public Monuments: Art in Political Bondage 1870–1997 (Reaktion, 1998)Find this resource:

Morris, F., Paris Post-War: Art and Existentialism (Tate Gallery, 1993)Find this resource:

Mundy, J. (ed.), Surrealism: Desire Unbound (Tate Publishing, 2000)Find this resource:

Nairne, S., State of the Art: Ideas & Images in the 1980s (Chatto & Windus, 1987)Find this resource:

Orvell, M., American Photography (Oxford, 2003)Find this resource:

Palmer, M., Art Belge 1880–2000 (Racine, 2002)Find this resource:

Patton, M. F., African-American Art (Oxford, 1998)Find this resource:

Polcari, S., Abstract Expressionism and the Modern Experience (Cambridge University Press, 1991)Find this resource:

Porter, V., World into Art: Artists of the Modern Middle East (British Museum, 2006)Find this resource:

Powell, R., Black Art: A Cultural History (Thames & Hudson, 2002)Find this resource:

Read, H., A Concise History of Modern Sculpture (Thames & Hudson, 1964)Find this resource:

Reid, D., A Concise History of Canadian Painting (Oxford, 2nd ed., 1989)Find this resource:

Roh, F., German Art of the 20th Century (New York Graphic Society, 1968)Find this resource:

Rose, B., American Art Since 1900 (Thames & Hudson, 1975)Find this resource:

Rosenblum, R., On Modern American Art (Abrams, 1999)Find this resource:

Rosenthal, N. (ed.), Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection (Thames & Hudson, 1998)Find this resource:

Rush, M., Video Art (Thames & Hudson, 2007)Find this resource:

Sandler, I., Abstract Expressionism (Pall Mall, 1970)Find this resource:

Sandler, I., American Art in the 1960s (Harper Collins, 1990)Find this resource:

Smith, B., Australian Painting 1788–1990 (Oxford, 1991)Find this resource:

Sonfist, A. (ed.), Art in the Land (Dutton, 1983)Find this resource:

Spalding, F., British Art Since 1900 (Thames & Hudson, 1987)Find this resource:

Stallabrass, J., High Art Lite: British Art in the 1990s (Verso, 1999)Find this resource:

Stiles, K. and Selz, P., Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art (University of Chicago, 1996)Find this resource:

Taylor, B., The Art of Today (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1995)Find this resource:

Vergine, L., Body Art and Performance (Skira, 2000)Find this resource:

Vergo, P., Art in Vienna 1898–1918 (Phaidon, 1975)Find this resource:

Whitechapel Art Gallery, British Sculpture in the 20th Century (1981)Find this resource:

Wood, J., Hulks, D., and Potts, A., Modern Sculpture Reader (Henry Moore Institute, 2007)Find this resource:

Yorke, M. S., The Spirit of Place: Nine Neo-Romantic Artists and their Times (Tauris, 2001)Find this resource: