Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 April 2020

ascribed and achieved status 

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

An individual's position in a culture and society is the outcome of a combination of ascribed status characteristics—physical features, age, sex, ethnicity—and achieved status that might be gained through education or competition with others. Competitive sport, understood as an open meritocratic field of human endeavour, is by such definition a field in which achieved status is gained as a consequence and form of personal accomplishment. Yet in some sports—basketball is an obvious example—physical qualities are an important determining dimension in the career trajectory of the athlete; and in historical terms, some sports have been used as markers of a particular given status (ascribed and inflexible) reinforcing, for instance, divisions of social class and gender.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.