Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 August 2020


A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

A form of winter-based bicycle racing practised on cross-country courses, in which the cycle may have to be carried rather than ridden across particularly rough terrain. The sport's origins have been identified in France, in the early 20th century, and in the industrial midlands of England in the early 1920s. It became popular in parts of northern Europe, Eastern Europe, and the USA. A first world championship was held in ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.