Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 July 2019


A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

A water sport in which the canoeist propels a small craft by either sitting or kneeling in a central, forward-facing position, and using a single- or double-bladed paddle; the canoe is pointed at both ends. If the canoeist sits and uses a double-bladed paddle, this is kayaking; in Canadian canoeing, the canoeist adopts a half-kneeling position and switches the single blade from side to side. Canoeists engage in slalom canoeing (where there are artificial barriers or ‘gates’), wild or rough-water canoeing, long-distance racing, sprint racing, or canoe sailing. Canoes were used by Native Americans, and kayaks by the Inuit of Greenland and Alaska. In its organized form, canoeing's origins lie in the formation of the Royal Canoe Club in England, in ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.