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date: 08 August 2022

asceticism and mysticism 

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Columba StewartColumba Stewart, Columba StewartColumba Stewart, Nancy KhalekNancy Khalek, Nicholas Baker-BrianNicholas Baker-Brian

Asceticism (from Gk. askēsis, ‘training’; cf. enkrateia, ‘restraint’) is the practice of physical, intellectual, or spiritual disciplines for the inculcation of philosophical or religious ideals. Various schools of Greek philosophy recommended dietary practices (e.g. Pythagorean vegetarianism or Epicurean moderation) and other means to manage physical appetites, as well as mental conditioning to correct distorted perception (Stoics). Ascetic heroes such as the 1st-century ... ...

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